Skin is a large organ in the human body. The skin on the face needs special care because it is the first thing that is noticed about a person. It is essential to keep it hydrated because softer and more elastic skin makes a person look young. Generally, face moisturisers are lotions or creams that deeply nourish the skin by hydrating it. In addition, the moisturiser protects the skin from damage caused by the environment. It is an essential component in the skincare routine of a person who wants young and healthy skin.
The three significant ingredients in a moisturiser are humectants, emollients and occlusives. The humectants are water-based ingredients that grab moisture and hold on to it. Popular humectants are glycerin, glycol, hyaluronic acid and urea. Emollients are lightweight plant oils that soften and smooth the skin’s texture and add a glow to it. Argan oil and jojoba oil are common emollients. Occlusives seal the moisture inside the skin and form a protective barrier. Lanolin and petrolatum are common occlusives.
Types of moisturisers for face
Gel: Gel moisturisers are quickly absorbed by the skin. Most gel moisturisers do not feel greasy because they do not contain oil. Instead, they contain emollients and humectants and are ideal for acne-prone and oily skin.
Lotion: Lotions are light on the skin and get absorbed quickly. They are runny and not creamy in consistency. Bacteria form quickly in lotion due to higher water content. Adding preservatives like paraben and benzyl alcohol prevents the formation of bacteria. Therefore, lotions have the most added ingredients.
Cream: Creams are oil-based moisturisers. Their consistency is thick, and they are the best choice for people with dry and combination skin types. In addition, cream moisturisers contain occlusives and emollients.
How do moisturisers work?
Moisturisers work in two ways. They either trap the moisture in the skin and create a temporary seal or restore the moisture lost from the skin’s outer surface. Some moisturiser ingredients, like ceramides and polyhydroxy acid, replace natural fats and skin conditioners. They make the skin look smooth and soft.
How to choose a moisturiser?
Skincare specialists suggest people choose moisturisers according to their skin types. People with dry skin must choose a cream moisturiser that is thicker in consistency. It adds more moisture to the skin. People with oily skin must avoid moisturisers with a thick consistency. It can clog the pores and lead to acne. A gel moisturiser suits people with oily skin.
Benefits of using a moisturiser
Prevents wrinkles: Moisturising the skin prevents dryness. Moisturisers enhance the skin’s moisture holding capacity. A well-moisturised skin remains hydrated and delays the formation of wrinkles.
Brightens the skin: Hydrated skin looks plump, smooth and healthy. Dry skin appears flaky and leads to a pale complexion.
Keeps skin young: Dry skin gets damaged quickly with the appearance of flaking and peeling skin. Moisturisers boost the skin’s ability to produce collagen and repair itself.
Prevents blemishes: Most moisturisers have ingredients that conceal blemishes, redness and discolouration. They help to have smooth and soft skin with an even skin tone.
Soothes sensitive skin: The right moisturisers hydrate, soothe and balance sensitive skin without causing any greasiness. As a result, moisturised skin is free of itchy patches, rashes, eczema and redness.
Face moisturisers are essential to keep the skin hydrated and help to prevent environmental damage. They have become an addition to the skincare routine of young and older adults. They help them keep their skin silky smooth, balanced and protected.